Tallahassee-based immigration attorney Neil Rambana describes it as holding people hostage in the system.
"The whole community's harmed because these people are not able to move on with their lives, not able to contribute back to the economy, not able to travel outside of the United States,” says Rambana. “Things that, you know, they are looking forward to getting behind them."
Ramabana says preparing for a court hearing is already stressful, and can cost a lot of money for those with little resources. Some administration officials have criticized the long processing times and backlog for allowing people with weak cases to stay in the country for years.
A plan for ending the shutdown is uncertain. One idea includes allowing undocumented immigrants who were brought to the U.S. as children, a group known as "Dreamers," to stay in exchange for a border-wall deal.
However, South Carolina Senator Lindsey Graham said that has been tried before, and President Trump might not support it. Rambana thinks the entire immigration system needs an overhaul.
"Because the system is broken,” says Rambana. “And everyone on all levels, all parties, have identified that. They need to come together with some sort of comprehensive immigration reform that also addresses this backlog. "
According to the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse at Syracuse University, which compiles U.S. immigration data, the average case making its way through immigration courts takes 718 days, or almost two years.